agriculture; horticulture; landscape architecture, veterinary medicine; food; forestry; rural development; agricultural machinery; environment



Author Guidelines

AGRICULTURA publishes original research papers and review articles (scientific publications). Researchers from all countries are invited to publish field crops, food industry, mechanization in agriculture, environmental protection, horticulture, rural economy and management, livestock breeding, landscape architecture or miscellaneous - multidisciplinary research of international interest on its pages. Manuscripts (of scientific publications) should present new scientific findings that have not been published before and are not submitted for publication elsewhere. Papers must be in English. Please observe the following points in preparing manuscripts. Papers not conforming closely to these instructions may be returned to their authors for appropriate revision or may be delayed in the review process. Readability: Manuscripts should be written in clear, concise and grammatically correct English (British or American English throughout). The editors can not undertake wholesale revisions of poorly written papers. Every paper must be free of unnecessary jargon and clearly readable by any specialist of applied research. The abstract should be written in an explanatory style that will be comprehensible also to readers who are not experts in the subject matter.


Manuscripts must be type written, line spacing: single. Each page must be numbered. Good quality printouts with a font size of 11 are required. Clearly indicate who is the corresponding author (with an asterisk) that will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication. The e-mail addresses of the corresponding author should be indicated under the affiliantions (e.g. * corresponding author: rsmith@uludag.ed). The Editors reserve the right to adjust style to certain standards of uniformity. Authors should retain a copy of their manuscript since we cannot accept responsibility for damage or loss of papers.

Article structure For research papers the text should be divides into: Title, Authors, Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussions, Acknowledgements, References, Founding. Place the Figures or Tables into your text, at their places. 

  • Concise and informative.
  • Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
    The title of the paper should unambiguously reflect its contents. Where the title exceeds 120 characters a suggestion for an abbreviated running title should be given.

Authors’ names and affiliations

  • Clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author.
  • Present the authors' affiliation addresses below the names.
  • Indicate all affiliations with a lowercase superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address.
  • Provide the full postal address for all authors
  • Corresponding author:
    • Indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication.
    • Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date.
  • Superscript Arabic numerals are used for the affiliation of each author.


  • A concise and factual abstract is required.
  • Should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions.
  • References should be avoided.
  • The abstract should not exceed 150 words.

Main Text
Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original work.  Aim to use Times New Roman font in your text and illustrations. Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions, and use the international system of units (SI).


  • Number the illustrations (TIFF or JPEG) according to their sequence in the text.
  • Color or grayscale photographs (halftones): minimum of 300 dpi (TIFF  JPEG): 
    Bitmapped (pure black & white pixels) line drawings,  minimum of 1000 dpi. (TIFF or JPEG)
  • Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale) minimum of 500 dpi.
  • Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

Please do not

  • Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG);
  • Supply files that are too low in resolution;
  • Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.

Please insert the following text before the standard text - Photographs, charts and diagrams are all to be referred to as "Figure(s)" and should be numbered consecutively in the order to which they are referred. They should be included within the text. All illustrations should be clearly marked with the figure number and the author's name.

Color artwork 
Should be an acceptable format TIFF (or JPEG), EPS (or PDF), or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution.


  • As editable text and not as images.
  • Tables can be placed next to the relevant text in the article.
  • Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body.
  • The data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.
  • Please avoid using vertical rules.

Citation in text : every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication. Web references As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.


Data references

  • In the text refer to the author's name (without initials) and year of publication (e.g. "Steventon et al. (1994) studied the effects..." or "...similar to values reported by others (Anderson and Weiping, 1990)...").
  • For 2 authors, they are to be listed as they are, and year of publication (e.g. ...similar to values reported by others (Anderson and Weiping, 1990)").When there are more than 2 authors, first author et al. should be used throughout the text.
  • More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication.


Journal article

  • Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J. A. J., Lupton, R. A. (2010). The art of writing a scientific article. Journal of Scientific Communications, 163, 51–59. Article by DOI
  • Slifka, M.K., Whitton, J.L, (2000) Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. J Mol Med. Doi:10.1007/s001090000086

Use the standard abbreviation of a journals name according to the ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviation

A Book:

  • Strunk, W., Jr., White, E. B. (2000). The elements of style. (4th ed.). New York: Longman, (Chapter 4).

A Chapter in an edited book:

  • Mettam, G. R., Adams, L. B. (2009). How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In B. S. Jones, & R. Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age (pp. 281–304). New York: E-Publishing Inc.

A Website:

  • Cancer Research UK. Cancer statistics reports for the UK. (2003). aboutcancer/statistics/cancerstatsreport/ Accessed 13.03.03.


  • Oguro, M., Imahiro, S., Saito, S., Nakashizuka, T. (2015). Mortality data for Japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions. Mendeley Data, v1. xwj98nb39r.1

List of references

  • should be arranged in alphabetically

Formatting of funding sources

  • This work was supported by 1 founding source….. [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; 2nd founding source, if case [grant number zzzz] etc.
  • If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence: This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Page size: JIS B5, margins: 2 cm on each side, line spacing: single, font type: Times New Roman. Please leave headers and footers unchanged (1.27 cm), since it should be filled by the editors. TEMPLATE-0.DOCX
The order of the material should be as follows:

  • Title – Times New Roman size 14, Bold, center alignment, capital letters; Should be brief and informative. The title should reflect the most important aspects of the article, in a preferably concise form of not more than 100 characters and spaces.
  • Author(s) – Times New Roman size 11, Bold, center alignment, lowercase. First author – Name (last name) followed by surname (first name). Other authors Surname (First name) followed by name (last name). No inclusion of scientific titles is necessary. In case of two or more authors, place their names in the same row, separate them with a comma and please indicate the corresponding author with * in superscript. Authors from different institutions must be labeled with numbers in superscript after the names.
  • Addresses of the authors, phone and fax number and e-mail should be also given (size 10, italic, center alignment).
  • Abstract – Times New Roman size 10, justify alignment, lowercase, italic, typed in one paragraph and limited to max. 250 words, only the word Abstract. must be bold. Required for all manuscripts in which the problem, the principal results and conclusions are summarized. It should not contain formulas, references or abbreviations.
  • Keywords – Times New Roman size 10, justify alignment, lowercase, limited to max. 5 to 7 words, only the word Keywords: must be bold. Keywords should not including items appearing in the title. The keywords should be supplied indicating the scope of the paper.
  • Main text – Times New Roman size 11, justify alignment, lowercase. The titles must be with bold and uppercase, with the following structure:
    INTRODUCTION - Review of literature, Definitions (if any), MATERIAL AND METHOD, RESULTS AND DISCUSSION, CONCLUSIONS, Acknowledgements (if any), REFERENCES. This structure of the main text is obligatory for original research papers. The paper must be logically presented. Footnotes should be avoided. The main text should contain the whole text, figures, tables and explanations (see Annex 1 – Model). Authors should include Abbreviations and Nomenclature explanations when necessary. Introduction: The introduction must clearly state the problem, the reason for doing the work, the hypotheses or theoretical predictions under consideration and the essential background. It should not contain equations or mathematical notation. Section numbering and headings begin here. Review of Literature: A brief survey of the relevant literature, so that a nonspecialist reader could understand the significance of the presented results. Materials and Methods: Provide sufficient details to permit repetition of the experimental work. The technical description of methods should be given when such methods are new. Results and Discussion: Results should be presented concisely. Only in exceptional cases will it be permissible to present the same set of results in both table and figure. The results section should not be used for discussion. Conclusions: Point out the significance of the results, and place the results in the context of other work and theoretical background. Acknowledgements: (if any) These should be placed in a separate paragraph at the end of the text, immediately before the list of references. It may include funding information too. Font size 10, the word Acknowledgements. is bold. Use Style of Abstract. References: In the text references should be cited in Harvard style (Author, year). Alternatively, the author’s surname may be integrated into the text, followed by the year of publication in parentheses. Cite only essential resources, avoid citing unpublished material.

  • Figures: All photographs, graphs and diagrams should be numbered
    consecutively (e.g. Figure 1) in the order in which they are referred in the text. Caption must appear below the figure (size 11, center) and should be sufficiently detailed to enable to understand apart from the text. Titles should be used, which also contains the serial number of the given figure (since it is a listing), so consecutive numbers of figures will be generated automatically. Thus, you don’t need to number them manually. Explanation of lettering and symbols should be given also in the caption and only exceptionally in the figures. Figures should be of good quality and preferably in black and white. (Color figures will appear in the downloadable files, but all papers will be printed in black and white.) Figures should be designed to fit to the text area and must be embedded. In addition authors are requested to submit each figure also as an image file in one of the following formats: pcx, bmp, tif, wmf, jpg or eps.

    References to papers "in press" must mean that the article has been accepted for publication. At the end of the paper list references alphabetically by the last name of the first author. Please, list only those references that are cited in the text and prepare this list as an automatically numbered list. The word References with size 11, bold, capital letters, center alignment. List Style – Times new roman, size 10.

  • Tables: Tables should be self-explanatory. They should be mentioned in the text, numbered consecutively (e.g. Table 1) and accompanied by title at the top (size 11). For the title of Tables use: Table 1. This style also contains the serial number of the given table (since it is a listing), so consecutive numbers of tables will be generated automatically. In this case you don’t need to number them manually. Each column should carry a brief, appropriate heading. Tables will be reproduced in the journal in the format presented in the final submission. Please insert all the tables in the text, do not enclose huge tables which annot be fit within the page margins.
  • Mathematical expressions: In general minimize unusual typographical requirements, use solidus, built-up fractions. Avoid lengthy equations that will take several lines (possibly by defining terms of the equation in separate displays). For drawing equations please use the Equation Editor of Word. Make subscripts and superscripts clear. The letter l and the number 1, the letter O and the number 0, which are identical on most keyboards, should be identified clearly. The meaning of the symbols and the difference between upper and lower case letters should be defined. Display only those mathematical expressions that must be numbered for later reference or that need to be emphasized. Number displayed equations consecutively throuhout the paper. The numbers should be placed in parentheses to the right of the equation e.g. (Eq. 1).



Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 11-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, and exemplified in our TEMPLATE-0.DOCX.
  6. Author Statement: TEMPLATE-1.PDF
    completed and signed; the electronic version must be uploaded as a supplementary file in the submission process.

Copyright Notice

The papers published in the journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

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