STUDY OF FENNEL SEED GERMINATION (FOENICULUM VULGARE VAR. AZORICUM)

Valeria Ioana Neacsu, A. S. Apahidean, Anca Mariana Husti, Raluca Cicevan

Abstract


Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a flowering plant species in the celery family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae. It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves, indigenous from the shores of the Mediterranean, widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks. Florence fennel Foeniculum vulgare Azoricum is a cultivar group with inflated leaf bases which form a bulb-like structure. This experiment aimed the germination fennel seed, as a result of qualitative and quantitative processes, which determine the transition of seed from latent life to active life, resulting in development of a new plant. Seed germination depends on both internal and external conditions. Germination is epigeal and fennel seed normally germinates in 10-14 days depending mainly on the weather following sowing. The experiences made that the preparation SM (produced by Research and Development Center for Biostimulators "BIOS" Cluj-Napoca) in concentration of 0.05%, in case of treating seeds for 3 h, has a positive influence on seeds germination, compared to untreated water control.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/arspa.v93i1-2.11247



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