STUDY OF AUTUMN CABBAGE CULTIVARS GROWN IN SPECIFIC CONDITIONS OF TRANSYLVANIA PLATEAU

Al. S. Apahidean, Al. I. Apahidean, Brîndușa Rusu, Gh. Simon

Abstract


Cultivar is an essential factor in vegetable production and the economic and financial outcome of the culture largely depends on it. Cultivar can influence the growing period, the commercial aspect and production yield. When choosing the right cultivar, the specificities of the area where the culture is set, must be taken into account. Autumn cabbage heads are grown for use in the preparation of various dishes, to be eaten fresh or pickled, or for winter storage. Varieties and cultivars with different characteristics are chosen depending on the yield destination. Transylvania climatic conditions are favorable for cabbage cultivation in the field due to favorable precipitation regime and lower temperature levels. The area is favorable both for cabbage heads production and also for obtaining cabbage seeds, in the second year of vegetation. The experiment was conducted in 2016 in the area of Apahida-Juc, in Someș river meadow. This area is oriented towards vegetable growing. In the experiment, the following cabbage cultivars were used: Autumn Queen F1, Bucharest F1, Fieldglory F1, Gloria F1, Royal Dynasty F1, Sarmash F1.

Keywords


white cabbage, cultivars, morphological characteristics, production

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/agrisp.v1i101.12704