Regulatory Policies On Genetically Modified Plants In Indonesia

Amar Ma'ruf

Abstract


In 2005, an estimated acreage of genetically modified plant (GMP) is 90 million hectares compared to 81 million hectares in 2004. The GMP is to be done along with the increasing human needs. With permission for GMP), which means that the task for scientists to continue to develop research to determine which GM products are allowed or not allowed.Also the participation of national and international government to create comprehensive regulation to regulate the use of GMP. GMP has several benefits for the cultivation of plants among other abiotic stress resistance, disease resistance, resistance to pests and maintain the quality of the plants.The Indonesian government has made regulations regarding GMP, through the Indonesian Government Regulation (Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia) No. 21 of 2005 on the biological safety of genetically modified products. In addition to government regulations, there are also other institutions that make the rules on GMP. As Indonesian Ulema Council (Majelis Ulama Indonesia) through the Indonesian Ulema Council Fatwa No. 35 of 2013 on genetic modified.


Keywords


modified, genetic, regulation



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/agrisp.v103i3-4.12752