CLINICAL AND MICROBIOLOGICAL ASPECTS IN DOG PERIODONTAL DISEASE

Daniela Neagu, Flore Chirila, Gavril Giurgiu, Mircea Mircean, Mircea C. Dasciuc, Razvan Codea, Iuliu Scurtu, Alexandra Muresan, Cristian Popovici

Abstract


The purpose of this study is the identification of microflora present in the dog oral pathology, establishing connections between it and the clinical manifestations, and to make a correlation between clinical and microbiological aspects and the stages of periodontal disease. During this research 14 cases were diagnosed with periodontal disease: stage I on 3 patients (age of 3 years), stage II on 3 patients (age of 7, 6 years), stage III on 5 patients (age of 7 years) and stage IV on 2 patients (age of 10 years). In the initial stages (I, II) of periodontal disease we found gram positive bacillus arranged in a filament shape and in stages III and IV we encountered the growth of oral cocobacilli G-. The most effective antibiotics in our study is different depending of the stage of periodontal disease and was represented by Amoxiclav and Enroxil for stages I, III and IV, Amoxiclav and Ceftiofur for stage II. The oral microbiota is changing with evolution of periodontal disease, increasing the gram negative cocobacil population, especially Pseudomonas spp. Every individual presents a different sensitivity with an specific antibiogram. 


Keywords


dog, antibiotic, antibiogram, periodontal disease

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/agrisp.v103i3-4.12866



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