ANESTHESIA CONSIDERATION FOR THE PREGNANT DOG

Cosmin Peștean

Abstract


This material shows a selection of safest and most effective possibilities of anesthesia for pregnant female dogs, a common situation in general practice. Gestation induces a lot of physiological changes to the dam, especially to hematologic, cardiovascular, respiratory and gastrointestinal systems. Premedication can decrease maternal anxiety and stress being preferred agents that can be reversed.  All pregnant animals prior to anesthesia should be preoxygenated and fluid therapy is mandatory. Induction of anesthesia is preferred to be performed using propofol or alfaxalone. Choosing a general anesthetic protocol or a regional anesthesia protocol in pregnant females is a personal option based on the experience of each veterinarian. Monitoring vital functions is required throughout the perianaesthetic period to permit early detection and treatment of adverse changes. Resuscitation of newborns is a challenging task, requiring adequate staff and equipment.


Keywords


anesthesia, pregnancy, dog

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/agrisp.v105i1-2.13031



Copyright (c) 2018 Cosmin Peștean

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