TEMPERATURE INFLUENCE AND MULCHING EFFECT ON PARASITIC PLANTS AND GRAPEVINE

Cristina Gliga, Mihai Voevod, Călin Topan, Alexandru Naghiu, Adriana David

Abstract


Temperature of soil is one of the most important factors that can affect the good development of the plant. The functional activity of the plant can be affected to the same extent at low and high temperatures of the soil. Mulch is a protective layer, placed on the surface of the soil, around the plant to prevent moisture evaporation. In general, mulch is often used to maintain optimum soil temperature because mulches modify hydrothermal regime, recycles plant nutrients, promote crop development and increase yields. The mulching materials are classified into several categories: organic materials which contain plant products and animal wastes, synthetic materials which are based on petroleum products and special materials based on polymer films. During the time, several research has been made to identify the impact of the mulch on soil and weeds, withal different types of mulch materials and their characteristics. The research has shown that the application of weed mulch at talessing, conserved more water, reduced soil temperature, increased volumetric heat capacity and thermal conductivity. It is concluded that mulch increased the heat conservation and keep the favorable temperature for vineyard soil.

Keywords


mulch, hydrothermal condition, soil temperature, mulching materials, vineyard

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/agrisp.v110i3-4.13543



Copyright (c) 2019 Cristina Gliga, Mihai Voevod, Călin Topan, Alexandru Naghiu, Adriana David

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