EFFECTS OF PHARMACEUTICALS PRESENCE IN AGROECOSYSTEM ON VOLATILE AROMA CONTENT IN TOMATO FRUIT

Emoke Dalma Kovacs, Luminita Silaghi-Dumitrescu, Melinda Haydee Kovacs, Lech Wojciech Szajdak, Cecilia Roman

Abstract


The aim of this work was to assess the potential impact of two commonly used pharmaceuticals (azithromycin and ibuprofen) on tomato quality. The experiments were carried out upon controlled exposure box experiments at different amount of azithromycin (0.5 – 5 mg×kg-1) and ibuprofen (50 – 500 µg×kg-1). The results showed that tomato fruits have a higher uptake rate for ibuprofen (6.3 – 11.2 %) compared to the azithromycin that was between 2.2 – 3.2 %. However, pharmaceutical active compounds uptake amount was lower in tomato fruits compared to those detected in grown medium. Both, ibuprofen and azithromycin impact the sensory quality of tomato due to changes in volatile aroma content, especially of those derived of fatty acids (C6 and C5).

Keywords


azithromycin, ibuprofen, uptake, tomato, volatile aroma content

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/agrisp.v115i3-4.13960



Copyright (c) 2020 Emoke Dalma Kovacs

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