Optimization of Soil Tillage Systems and Fertilization for Maize Crop, in Turda area

Felicia CHEŢAN, Alina ȘIMON, Paula Ioana MORARU, Marius BĂRDAŞ, Ionuţ RACZ

Abstract


How do you manage to achieve optimal conditions for growth and development of plants, which can only be achieved through the diversification of soil tillages and and executing their correctness. Moisture and nutritive stress during crop growing, symptoms of nitrogen or phosphorus deficiency are very common in plants grown on compacted land, so production can be significantly reduced.The experiment realized at A.R.D.S. Turda is focused about the influence of the soil cultivation system (conventional and minimum tillage), fertilizer and agricultural year on the soil humidity and yield at maize. In the minimum tillage system the water accumulates in the soil harder but it loses more slowly but comparative with the classic system when accumulates in easier but is lost more quickly. The two years taken into study, 2015 and 2016, were favorable for the realization of corn production so there were yields of over 7000 kg/ha.

Keywords


clime; fertilization; tillage system; water reserve; yield; maize

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-agr:2018.0003


University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
3-5 Manastur St., 400372 Cluj-Napoca
Romania
Tel: +40-264-596.384 | Fax: +40-264-593.792 
biroupublicatii@usamvcluj.ro