Researches Regarding on the Impruvement and Efficiency of Minimal Soil Works System in Soybean Crop, Specific to Different Pedoclimatic Conditions, in Turda Area

Felicia CHEŢAN, Cornel CHEŢAN, Alina ŞIMON, Valeria DEAC, Marius BĂRDAŞ

Abstract


The paper presents the influence of the conventional and minimum tillage system, the fertilization system and the agricultural year (expressed by different climatic conditions) on the production and economic efficiency
of the soybean culture. The experience poly-factorial, was placed on the type of soil Phaeozem (clay, iluvial) in the Transylvanian Plain (with multi-annual average temperature of 9.1°C and multi-annual average rainfall of
531.0 mm). The soybean culture responded favorably to the minimal tillage technology, the production being very
close to that obtained in the conventional system. The application of the “minimum tillage” system to the soybean
culture requires a fuel consumption of 63.1 l/ha at the price of 328.12 lei/ha compared to the classic technology at
which 78.6 l/ha is consumed at the price of 412.36 lei/ha, is 84.24 lei/ha in favor of the minimum system.

Keywords


technology; fertilization; production; efficiency; soybeans

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-agr:2018.0028


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