Study Regarding Growing and Development Stages at Soybean Genotypes

Adrian NEGREA, Teodor RUSU, Raluca REZI, Camelia URDĂ, Vasilena SUCIU

Abstract


Soybean is one of the most important sources of vegetable oil and protein. The aim of this study is to evaluate the behavior of 75 European soybean genotypes from four maturity groups regarding the influence of climatic conditions of 2020 on soybean main growing and development stages. The experiment was conducted at the ARDS Turda in 2020, using a complete randomized block design with three replications. Dates of emergence (VE) and beginning of flowering (R1), were recorded for all 75 soybean cultivars from each of the four maturity groups (000 to I). Results obtained show that growing, and development stages of the studied soybean genotypes are according both with: thermal units and daily period from sunrise to sunset. Effects of daylength and temperature on soybean development were estimated. The rate of development to flowering was fastest for the very early genotypes than for genotypes in the semi-early maturity group (MG).

Keywords


flowering; photoperiod; soybean.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-agr:2020.0028




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