TYPES OF PAPERS
Research Article: describe new and confirmed findings including experimental procedures. This type of paper should contain: Abstract, Keywords, Abbreviations, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussions, Conclusion, Acknowledgements, References. The tables and figures should be inserted in the text. A typical Research Article contains 8–10 manuscript pages (including tables and figures).
Short Communication: describe experimental procedures and report for a completed work, but not preliminary findings. It must contain the Abstract, Keywords, Abbreviations, the core of the paper including tables and/or figures, Acknowledgements, References. It must not exceed 2 pages.
Review: an invited paper which gives an overview of a topical field of interest for a wide spectrum of readers and includes Abstract, Keywords, Abbreviations, topical sections and subsections and References. The manuscript may include 15-20 pages and at least 50 relevant references.
PROCESSING OF PAPERS
All submitted articles are peer-reviewed, by a blind-review refereeing process. Each manuscript is subjected first to a preliminary examination by the journal editor to establish if it fits the scope of the Journal. In a positive case, the manuscript is reviewed by two or three independent referees with expertise in the field which matches the manuscript title and content. The reviewers' recommendations determine whether an article will be: accepted (A), accepted with minor changes (Am), accepted with major revisions and significant changes (AM) or rejected (R). The manuscript can be accepted either without revision after the reviewing (A) or after revision (Am or AM).
On the basis of the reviewers critical remarks, the Editor and Editor-in-Chief decides to return the manuscript to the author within two (2) weeks for major or minor revision with specified reviewer’s critical remarks or to reject it. For articles which require revisions, the same reviewers may be used to ensure that the corrections and improvements were processed and quality of the revised article is acceptable.
The correspondence with authors is done by the Publication office and the series’ editor,
Confirming the receipt of the manuscript by the Editorial Office, the outcome of the reviewing, and the acceptation or the rejection of the manuscript are communicated to the author. All the communication between the Editorial Office and the author is realized via e-mail.
The Editor in Chief reserves the right to refuse any article, and to make suggestions and/or modifications before publication. The proofs of the manuscript are sent to the author in PDF format. After checking and correcting they should be returned within 48 hours. Finally, the article (PDF format) matching the printed version is sent to the author. The publishers shall not be held responsible for errors which are the result of authors' oversights.
Page Charges Since this journal does not receive direct funding or support from any governmental or external agency or sponsors, the authors are required to pay a processing fee for each article accepted for publication. These charges cover some of the costs for the journal's production, online availability, hosting and archiving and allows a greater circulation for the journal as well as immediate online availability (open access) for unlimited data download worldwide.
The first author and/or corresponding author should follow the checklist before submitting the article, namely to respect the writing and formatting requirements outlined in the Instructions for authors (mentioned also in the Journal homepage, http://journals.usamvcluj.ro/index.php)
The instructions for authors include information about preparing a manuscript for submission to the journal of interest and the online submission process. Microsoft Word (2003) formats of Manuscript should be submitted in electronic form, on line to the Editorial Office of the preferred journal series: Agriculture/ Horticulture/ Animal Science and Biotechnology/ Veterinary Medicine/ Food Science and Technology. For Articles with multiple authors, we would expect a "corresponding author" to be responsible for the article during the refereeing process after submission.
The manuscript (review, research article, or short communication) should be clearly written on A4 size paper/portrait (21 x 29,7 cm), in a concise, grammatically correct UK English spelling.
For a more efficient editing process of the volume, please observe the following instructions:
- page setup: all margins 2.5 cm;
- section headings of the paper will include the following: INTRODUCTION, MATERIAL AND METHODS, RESULTS AND DISCUSSION, CONCLUSIONS and REFERENCES.
- the full text paper will be edited in Times New Roman (TNR) 12;
- the title of the paper will be typed in TNR 14, bold, left aligned;
- below the title, the last name and first name of the author(s) will be followed by authors’ affiliation. All will be left aligned.
- the paper will begin with an abstract in English of no more than 2600 characters, written with TNR 11;
- below the abstract, up to 5 keywords (simple or composite) should be typed in TNR 11;
- text spacing will be as follows:
- top of page to title, 1 line
- title to authors’ name, 1 line
- authors’ name to authors’ affiliation, 1 line
- authors’ affiliation to abstract, 1 line
- abstract to keywords, 1 line
- keywords to text, 1 line
- one line spacing before subheadings and section heading, no space after heading and subheading
Article Title (max.145 characters): Times New Roman (TNR) 14, Title case (This means only using capital letters for the principal words. Articles, conjunctions, and prepositions do not get capital letters unless they start the title.) Bold, Left aligned
Authors’ names: TNR 12, normal, Left aligned, TNR - CAPITAL LETTERS for SURNAME.
Authors' academic degrees should not be included.
Authors’ affiliation and addresses: TNR 11, left aligned. Includes: Institution, full Address – postal code, city, country. The corresponding author indicates the email address.
Max. 2600 characters, TNR 11, informative and self-explanatory and should be written in past tense, which summarize concisely the purpose, methods and important results without excessive methodical and experimental details. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided.
Keywords: 3 - 5 key words, in alphabetical order, TNR 11, Italic.
The article text: font TNR 12, justified
The entire manuscript should be typed single spaced, with margins of 2.5 cm. No page numbers are required. Indent new paragraphs at 1.5 cm.
The style of heading and subheadings should be as follows:
- The first heading should be left aligned, 1 line spacing, with UPPERCASE LETTERS.
- The first sub-heading should be left justified, bold and Title case.
- Sub-sub-headings should be left justified, bold, italics.
INTRODUCTION (TNR 12, BOLD, CAPITAL)
Should give a concise background and provide the rationale to the presented study. It should provide a clear statement of the problem and should be understandable by a broad range of scientists.
MATERIALS AND METHODS (TNR 12, BOLD, CAPITAL)
Should give detailed and sufficient information of materials and procedures to allow experiments to be reproduced. Previously published procedures and sources of laboratory procedures should be cited. Information on the equipment model, manufacturer’s name and address including the city and country should be provided. The procedures should be written in the past tense.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION (TNR 12, BOLD, CAPITAL)
The results will include tables, figures, graphs, statistical analyses and sample calculations inserted in the text. The discussion should comment the meaning of the findings and a direct interpretation to draw conclusions. It can outline working hypotheses, theories, and applications.
Tables should be inserted in the text and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals with self-explanatory, descriptive titles and supplied with a heading and a legend. Text in tables should be TNR 10. Only horizontal lines should be used within a table. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses, TNR 10.
The titles of the table should be placed above the tables, written in TNR11, left aligned. All abbreviations should be defined in footnotes. Use superscript letters (not numbers) for footnotes and keep footnotes to a minimum.
Column A (t)
Column B (t)
All figures should be numbered with Arabic numerals. Every figure should have a caption. All photographs, schemas, graphs and diagrams are to be referred to as figures. Line drawings should be good quality scans. Figures must be embedded into the text. Preferred format of figures are PNG, JPEG, GIF. Lettering and symbols should be clearly defined either in the caption or in a legend provided as part of the figure. Figures should be placed as close as possible to the first reference to them in the paper.
Please ensure that all the figures are of 300 DPI resolution as this will facilitate good output.
The figure number and title should be typed bellow the figure in TNR 11, left justified. It must include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text. If two images fit next to each other, these may be placed next to each other to save space.
Fig. 1. (a) first picture; (b) second picture
Mathematical and physical formulas should be presented in the MS Word formula editor. Equations should be placed on a separate line from the text with a blank space above and below. Equations should be clear and expressions used should be explained in the text. The equations should be numbered consecutively at the outer right margin, as shown in (1). Equations are cited in the text with Eq.(1). The number should be written in TNR 10 pt in parenthesis
Where Ρ- density
m – mass
V – volume
Photographs must be clear, with sharp focus and good density, black-and-white, or color (photographs color will appear just electronic). For photographs, you may embed them in the text file.
CONCLUSION (TNR 12, BOLD, CAPITAL)
State only conclusions that are directly supported by the evidence and the implications of the findings in one paragraph.
Acknowledgements. It is an optional section that may contain acknowledgements of personal and/or financial assistance.
Authors are responsible for obtaining written permission to use any copyrighted text and/or illustration.
REFERENCES (TNR 12, BOLD, CAPITAL)
Citations of the references in the text: author's surname followed by the year of publication (ex: Smith, 2011) or for 2 authors, surnames and year (Smith and Johnson, 2010) or for more than two authors, surname followed by et al. (ex: Britton et al., 2009).
The citations in the text can be also made as follows: Perry (2003) proved that ...
This is in agreement with the results obtained by several authors (Brown, 1999; Kramer, 2004; Smith, 2008).
If a cited author had two or more papers published during the same year, the reference, both in the text and in the reference list, should be identified by a lower case letter like ’a‘ and ’b‘ after the date to distinguish the works, e.g. Jackson, 2001a,b.
The tables and figures are cited in the text in parentheses (ex: Tab.1 or Fig.1) and must be inserted in the text after their citation.
List of References (should be listed TNR 11, at the end of the paper in alphabetical order, left aligned, hanging indent 0.5 cm. Citations of articles “in preparation”, “in press” or “manuscript submitted” are not allowed. Each reference includes the author(s) surname and name(s), the year of publication (in parenthesis), the article title, journal name, volume and page numbers. All authors should be mentioned in the reference list, as shown below.
Examples of references to be listed correctly:
Abbot MC (1997). Introduction in Molecular Cell Biology. 4th ed. Academic Press, San Diego, 75 p.
Bolder AG (1995). Apples, p. 3-37. In: Janick J, Moore JN (Eds.). Advances in fruit breeding. California Univ. Press, West Lafayette, Indiana.
Clitherow G, Duffield B, Clarck J (1991). Managing plant diseases through milk: an innovative approach. J Amer Soc Hort Sci 96:645-648.
Chun OK (2005). Daily consumption of phenolics and total antioxidant capacity from fruit and vegetables in the American diet. J Sci Food Agric 85(2):1715-1724.
Hertog MGL, Hollman PCH, Katan MB (1992). Content of potentially anticarcinogenic flavonoids in different vegetables and fruits commonly consumed in the Netherlands. J Agric Food Chem 40:2379-2383.
Harker FR, Marsh KB, Young H, Murray SH, Gunson FA, Walker SB (2002). Sensory interpretation of instrumental measurements: sweet and acid taste of apple fruit. Postharvest Biol Technol 24:241-250.
Conference Proceedings’ Papers
Randell CJ, Morris DA, Tayler PL (2000). Advances in watermelon fertility. Proc Trop Reg Amer Soc Hort Sci 14:223-231.
Germany. Department of Agriculture (1999). Agricultural statistics for 1998. Germany Dept. Agr., München.
Trueman JD (2001). Optimization of tissue culture techniques and Agrobacterium mediated transformation in wheat. Colo. State Univ., Fort Collins, PhD Diss. Abstr. 81-247.
European Commission, (2011), Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on Support for Rural Development by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD), Brussels: 1-143.
Council Regulation 1782, (2003), Regulation establishing common rules for direct support schemes under the common agricultural policy and establishing certain support schemes for farmers and amending Regulations (EEC) No 2019/93, (EC) No 1452/2001, (EC) No1453/2001, (EC) No 1454/2001, (EC) 1868/94, (EC) No 1251/1999, (EC) No1254/1999, (EC) No 1673/2000, (EEC) No 2358/71 and (EC) No 2529/2001. Official Journal of the European Union 46 (L 270): 1-69.
Electronic Journal Articles and Electronic Books should be cited as standard journal articles and books except add an availability statement and date of accession following the page(s).
Available at: www.usfw.gov/ozarkstreams. Accessed 2004 Nov. 29.
For journal names cited in the reference list, use the standard abbreviations of the journals, e.g. Bulletin UASVM Agriculture, 71(2)/2014
The standard abbreviations of journal names are found in the "List of Serial Title Word Abbreviations", published by the ISSN International Centre.
Nomenclatures, Unit, and Abbreviations. Nomenclatures for chemicals and biochemical, microorganisms and genes should follow the guidelines in the instructions to authors of international journals, e.g. SI units (System International Unites) should be used whenever possible. Abbreviations should be used as recommended by IUPA-IUB Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature and Related Documents.
In addition to abbreviation to SI unit, other common abbreviations may be used without definition in Table (the same abbreviations are used for plural forms): hour(s) = h, minute(s) = min, second(s) = sec, liter(s) = L, mililiter(s) = mL, meter(s) = m, centimeter(s) = cm, gram(s) = g, miligram(s) = mg, microliter(s) = μL, micrometer(s) = μm, micron(s) = μm, standard deviation = SD, standard error = SE, molar = M, mole = mol.
Ethical Guideline for Authors. Any submitted article should not have been previously published or being currently under consideration for publication elsewhere.
Author Statement Form. At the submission of each paper, the corresponding author, on behalf of authors, sign an “Author Statement Form“ where declare and confirm that the paper submitted for publication in Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine (BUASVM) Cluj-Napoca (to be mentioned the series: Agriculture/ Horticulture/ Animal Science and Biotechnology/ Veterinary Medicine/ Food Science and Technology) is an original one, not published and not submitted to another publication elsewhere. The corresponding author declares also that all the co-authors have contributed to the work, are responsible for the validity and originality of data contained therein and all agreed to submit the current version, allowing the editors, in case of paper acceptance, to make editorial changes (grammar, punctuation, spelling and format corrections) but no major alterations of the paper.
Plagiarism represents a violation of basic principles of ethics and cannot be tolerated. Examples of plagiarism include: “word-for-word” copying of portions of another's writing without enclosing the copied passage in quotation marks and acknowledging the source in the appropriate scholarly convention (1), the use of a particularly unique term or concept that one has come across in reading without acknowledging the author or source (2) the paraphrasing or abbreviated restatement of someone else's ideas without acknowledging this text (3) or the copying of text portions from its own publications (self-plagiarism) (4). Avoid false citation, a text attributed to a cited source, from which it was not obtained.