Total Content of Carotenoids in Corn Landraces and Their Potential Health Applications

Stăncuța Scrob, Sevastița Muste, Ioan Haș, Crina Mureșan, Sonia Socaci, Anca Fărcaș

Abstract


The research was designed to quantify the carotenoid compounds from the experimental variability of the corn genotypes. The experimental material for the present investigation consisted of 19 corn hybrids from Agricultural Research and Development Station (ARDS)Turda, Romania. The experiment was carried out during two seasons 2011 and 2012. Corn hybrids Turda 215, Mold Turda 188, Turda 200, Turda SU 181 and HS 105 were noticed by the fact that in the year of culture 2012, they showed a beginning of accumulation of total content of carotenoids more than 27 µg/g DW as compared to 15 µg/g DW corresponding to the year o culture 2011 due to soil and climate conditions favoring the accumulation of carotenoid compounds. According to our study, the highest concentration of TC was recorded in light yellow, dark yellow and orange hybrids.


Keywords


carotenoids, grians, health, spectrophotometer UV-Vis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bacchetti T, Masciangelo S, Micheletti A and Ferretti G (2013). Carotenoids, Phenolic Compounds and Antioxidant Capacity of Five Local Italian Corn (Zea Mays L.) Kernels. J. Nutr. Food Sci 3(6): 237.

Berardo N, Mazzinelli G, Valoti P, Laganà P, Redaelli R (2009). Characterization of maize germplasm for the chemical composition of the grain. J Agric Food Chem 57(6):2378-84.

Chandler K, Lipka AE, Owens BF, Li H, Buckler ES, Rocheford T and Gore MA (2013). Genetic Analysis of Visually Scored Orange Kernel Color in Maize. Crop Science 53:189-200.

Das AK and Singh NK (2012). Carotenoid and SSR marker-based diversity assessment among short duration maize (Zea Mays L.) genotypes. Maydica 57:106-113.

Egesel CO, Wong JC, Lambert RJ and Rocheford TR (2004). Gene Dosage Effects on Carotenoid Concentration in Maize Grain. Maydica 48:183-190.

Eleanore T Wurtzel, Cuttrissand A and Vallabhaneni R (2012). Maize provitamin A carotenoids, current resources, and future metabolic engineering challenges. Frontiers Plant Sci 3:29.

Harjes CE, Torbert RR, Ling B, Thomas P, Brutnell CBK, Catherine Bermudez Kandianis, Stephen GS, Ann ES, Ratnakar V, Mark W, Eleanore T Wurtzel, Jianbing Y, Edward SB (2008). Natural genetic variation in lycopene epsilon cyclase tapped for maize biofortification. Science 319(5861):330-333.

Kristina Kljak, Martina Drdić, Karolyi D, Darko Grbeša (2012). Pigmentation efficiency of Croatian corn hybrids in egg production. Croatian Journal of Food Technology Biotechnology and Nutrition 7: 23-27.

Kuhnen S, Lemos, PM, Campestrini LH, Ogliari JB, Dias PF, Maraschin M (2011). Carotenoid and anthocyanin contents of grains of Brazilian maize landraces. J Sci Food Agric 91:1548–1553.

Kurilich AC and Juvik JA (1999). Quantification of carotenoid and tocopherol antioxidants in Zea mays. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 47:1948–1955.

Palaisa KA, Morgante M, Williams M and Rafalski A (2003). Contrasting Effects of Selection on Sequence Diversity and Linkage Disequilibrium at Two Phytoene Synthase Loci. The Plant Cell 15: 1795-1806.

Rafael da Silva Messias, Vanessa Galli, Delmar dos Anjos e Silva S and Valmor Rombaldi C (2014). Carotenoid Biosynthetic and Catabolic Pathways: Gene Expression and Carotenoid Content in Grains of Maize Landraces. Nutrients 6:546-563.

Ryu SH, Lindsay Werth, Suzanne Nelson, Scheerens JC and Pratt RC (2013). Variation of kernel anthocyanin and carotenoid pigment content in USA/Mexico borderland land races of maize. Economic Botany 67(2): 98–109.

Sara de Almeida Rios, Maria Cristina Dias Paes, Cardoso WS, Borém A, Flávia França Teixeira (2014). Color of Corn Grains and Carotenoid Profile of Importance for Human Health. American Journal of Plant Sciences 5:857-862.

Svjetlana Luterotti and Kristina Kljak (2010). Spectrophotometric Estimation of Total Carotenoids in Cereal Grain Products. Acta Chim. Slov 57: 781–787.

Vallabhaneni R, Gallagher CE, Licciardello N, Cuttriss AJ, Quinlan RF, Eleanore T Wurtzel (2009). Metabolite sorting of a germplasm collection reveals the hydroxylase locus as a new target for maize provitamin A biofortification. Plant Physiol 151:1635–1645.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-fst:10396

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
3-5 Manastur St., 400372 Cluj-Napoca
Romania
Tel: +40-264-596.384 | Fax: +40-264-593.792 
biroupublicatii@usamvcluj.ro