Studies regarding the influence of brown flaxseed flour addition in wheat flour of a very good quality for bread making on bread quality

Georgiana Gabriela CODINA, Silvia MIRONEASA, Elena TODOSI-SANDULEAC

Abstract


The aim of this study was to incorporate brown flaxseed into bread in order to improve it quality. For this purpose, different levels of whole ground brown flaxseed (5%, 10%, 15% and 20%) were used to substitute wheat flour 650 type of a very good quality for bread making. The bread samples obtained were analyzed from the physical, colour, crumb cell, textural and sensory characteristics point of view. Samples containing 10% of brown flaxseed were with the highest values for loaf volume, porosity and elasticity. The control sample had lowerest redness and greenness value. The maximum hardness was found for bread with 20% brown flaxseed addition. With the increase level of brown flaxseed addition large cells can be noticed in crumb structure of bread. Samples containing 20% of flaxseed were rated poorest in tase, texture, overall acceptability, appearance. Our results indicated that brown flaxseed addition could be added to a typical bread formulation up to levels of 10% with a good overall acceptability offering promising healthy and nutritious alternative to consumers. Between bread flour characteristics at different brown flaxseed flour substitution levels principal component analysis shown significant correlations (p < 0.05) between bread physical characteristics (loaf volume, porosity, elasticity) and bread  overall acceptability.

Keywords


bread, brown flaxseed, colour profile, crumb structure, texture

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-fst:12148

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