CALCULATION OF ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY IN GROWING ARTICHOKE IN 2010 AT JUCU, CLUJ

Simona DUDA, Leon Sorin MUNTEAN, Marcel Matei DUDA

Abstract


In this paper we present results of the research made in 2010 on the effectiveness of soil fertilization with organic fertilizers and value cultivars tested, in terms of production.

Experiences had been located in the experimental field of Jucu, CJ. We took four cultivation of artichokes in the study: “Unireaâ€, “Violetâ€, “Agrosel 656†and “Chișinăuâ€. They were placed in the experimental field of Jucu - Cluj, made in two densities (3.57 pl/sqm and 2.38 pl/sqm) and three levels of fertilization (unfertilized, fertilized with 20 t/ha farmyard manure and 40 t/ha manure in the fall plowing). The sowing was performed manually in the artichokes nests (2-3 seeds/nest). The experience was located in four repetitions of 10 sqm. Biometric measurements  were conducted at 10 plants in each plot experimental environments. Harvesting has been done manually with a sickle.

Economic efficiency was established by calculating the following economic indicators: production per hectare achieved, value of trading, average price recovery, cost of production, cost per unit of product, taxable profit, net income + grants, rate is expressed as%, net profit + subsidy rate, gross profit, rate of return.

From the cultivars studied, the highest net profit was obtained in cultivation Unirea (9,690 lei/ha), followed by far by the Violet (7,360 lei/ha). The main driver of profit was due to the production of plant material.

From the three agrofunds, the ones fertilized with 40 t/ha manure turned out to be the most economically efficient of all cultivars due to higher production per hectare.


Keywords


artichokes, cultivar, production of leaves, economic efficiency, net profit

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