MEDICINAL HERBS IN ROMANIAN PHARMACOPOEIAS - 155 YEARS OF HISTORY

Daniela BENEDEC, Ilioara ONIGA, Daniela HANGANU

Abstract


155 years ago, in 1862, a team of doctors and pharmacists wrote the first Romanian Pharmacopoeia (RPh I). There will be another 9 pharmacopoeias and their supplements (1874-RPh II, 1893-RPh III, 1926-RPh IV, 1943-RPh V, 1943-RPh V, 1948-RPh VI, 1956-RPh VII, 1965-RPh VIII, 1976-RPh IX, 1993-RPh X). From the first edition until 1993, 289 medicinal plants (176 indigenous plants, 113 exotic plants) were described, their number decreasing from 180 (RPh I) to 48 (RPh X). The most common species in Romanian Pharmacopoeias are: Acacia senegal, Achillea millefolium, Aconitum Napellus, Aloe species, Althaea officinalis, Artemisia absinthium, Astragalus tragacantha, Atropa belladonna, Carum carvi, Chelidonium majus, Cinchona officinalis, Cinnamomum species, Datura stramonium, Gentiana lutea, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Hypericum perforatum, Juniperus communis, Lavandula species, Linum usitatissimum, Papaver somniferum, Pimpinella anisum, Ricinus communis, Sinapis nigra, Thymus vulgaris, Theobroma cacao, Valeriana officinalis etc. All of these pharmacopoeia plants, alongside other unofficial plants (Hippophae rhamnoides, Alchemilla vulgaris, Humulus lupulus) or those acclimatised in our country (Echinacea angustifolia) or taxa (Papaver bracteatum, Vinca minor) are currently being used in various fields: pharmaceutical, industrial, cosmetic, food, with the hope for the future guideline pharmaceutical to pay more attention to the herbal monographs.

Keywords


medicinal plant, Romanian pharmacopoeia, history, edition.

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