THE STUDY OF COMPOSITION AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF THE VOLATILE OIL OF THE SEVSTOPOLIS LAVANDER VARIETY, CULTIVATED IN CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF CLUJ-NAPOCA

Dan Ioan VÂRBAN, Rodica VÂRBAN, Maria TOFANĂ, Ancuţa Mihaela ROTAR, Sonia SOCACI, Carmen R. POP, Cristina MOLDOVAN, Alexandru GHEŢE

Abstract


The lavender is an aromatic plant known and used since Antiquity. The raw material is constituted by inflorescence (Lavandulae flos, Lavandulae angustifoliae-flos, and Lavandulae hibridae flos, respectively) used fresh or as dry matter. The fresh flowers contain up to 0.8% volatile oil, and dry flowers up to 1.5%. The main components, from quantitative point of view, which confer the basic smell of the lavander, are linalool (20-35%) and linalyl acetate (30-55%). The volatile lavander oil is a strog flavour agent, used in perfumery and cosmetics, but it also has medicinal uses (carminative, sedative, spasmolytic and colagog action). The main components of the Sevstopolis lavander oil are linalool (27.55%) and linalyl acetate (22.16%). The volatile oil obtained from the lavander Sevstopolis variety, has antimicrobial activity.

Keywords


lavander, volatile oil, chemical composition, antimicrobian activity.

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