THE STATUS OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANT CULTURE AND EXPLOITATION IN ROMANIA

Leon Sorin MUNTEAN, Leon MUNTEAN, Sorin MUNTEAN, Simion FLORIAN

Abstract


Romania, having various climatic and soil conditions, has a rich and diverse flora, of which some are plants used for medicinal and aromatic purposes. The species of higher importance for the chemical-pharmaceutical industry were gradually introduced into the crop to provide the need for its vegetable raw material. By cultivating the medicinal and aromatic plants on a scientific basis, the need for vegetal raw material for the production of medicines of plant origin in our country is covered, a product rich in active principles and more homogeneous is obtained, substitutions and falsifications in the raw material can be avoided and plants considered monuments of nature can be protected, etc. Large raw material output rich in active principles can only be obtained by applying differentiated culture technologies, based on sound knowledge of biology and plant requirements towards vegetation factors.

The Plafar Company, created to monitor the cultivation of medicinal species and rationally organize the exploitation of spontaneous flora, has undergone a series of restructurings that are presented in the paper.


Keywords


Romania, Plafar, cultivation, medicinal and aromatic plant

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