DATA REGARDING THE EVOLUTION OF HOP CULTIVATED IN ROMANIA

Sorin Leon MUNTEAN, Leon MUNTEAN, Sorin MUNTEAN, Acațiu Ervin MORA

Abstract


Hop is used worldwide and in Romania since ancient times. This paper presents: the origin, usage and evolution of hop crop. This plant is cultivated in order to ensure the necessary of cones (female inflorescences) for the beer industry, although the plant has other uses like: young shoots - as food (soups, salads, etc.), and cones - for therapeutic or aromatic purposes. In this paper we mention the period since when hops were cultivated and initiated in our country, then details how this culture has evolved to the present day. The evolution of hop crop in Romania is presented according to the following structure: the existing culture at the beginning of the 20th century; between the two world wars; in the period 1950-1970; the development of hop cultivation between 1970 and 1990 and the situation of hop cultivation after 1990 until 2020. It mentions the age of the use and initiation of hop cultivation in our country, then details how this culture has evolved to the present day.

Keywords


evolution of hop culture, hops, Romania

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