ALGAE AS SUPPLEMENTS: REVIEW

Elena Suzana BIRIȘ-DORHOI, Ioana TALOȘ, Maria TOFANĂ

Abstract


Ulva lactuca, Undaria pinnatifida and Porphyra yezoensis are the main cultivated and consumed algae. The interest in algae and their beneficial properties has seen an increase in recent years (both micro-and macroalgae). Edible algae are low- calorie and low-fat. One of the most studied group of bioactive components of microalgae are pigments due to their anticarcinogenic, antioxidative and antihypertensive properties. Algae present many biological activities including anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer (Undaria pinnatifida), antiviral, and anti-obesity effect. The bioactive compounds found in algae include amino acids, carotenoids, sulphated polysaccharides, essential fatty acids, polypeptides, lectins, terpenes, phytohormones, betaines, polyamines, and sterols, vitamins and minerals whose content and biological activity vary significantly within and between taxonomic groups. These characteristics coupled with many other make them a valuable supplement.

Keywords


algae, functional, supplement

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