WORMWOOD (ARTEMISIA ABSINTHIUM L.): CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF ESSENTIAL OIL

Maria Evelina BORDEAN, Sevastița MUSTE, Georgiana MARȚIȘ (PETRUȚ), Maria Simona CHIS, Bianca Vasilica BELDEAN, Ioana Elena MUREȘAN (VITMAN), Mădălina Alexandra MATEESCU, Bettina Cristina BUICAN, Ana Ioana POP, Vlad MURESAN

Abstract


Wormwood (Artemisia absintium L.) is an aromatic and medicinal plant widespread in the northern hemisphere. Its many biological properties have been identified for wormwood extracts and essential oils. Numerous researchers have investigated the composition of the essential oil and its antioxidant properties. The variability of the chemical composition of the essential oil influences its physiological characteristics, organoleptic properties and its applications. For this reason, several studies have been performed that have analysed the essential oil from different parts of the plant, leaves and flowers, as well as the composition of this oil in different periods of plant vegetation. Temperature and light intensity also influence the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of Artemisia absintium L. essential oil. The antioxidant capacity of the oil is directly proportional to the content of flavonoids and polyphenols, and varies depending on the geographical region from which the plant comes.

Keywords


antioxidant activity, Artemisia absinthium L., chemical composition, essential oil, volatile compounds

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