RESEARCH TRENDS IN ECOPHYSIOLOGY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS

Sorin VÂTCĂ, Ștefania GÂDEA, Anamaria VÂTCĂ, Valentina STOIAN

Abstract


Medicinal plants have an important role in human life and wellbeing. Romania has a rich, unique, spontaneous medicinal flora. The sustainable environment of plant diversity growth and physiology of medicinal species have not been defined until now even if these plants are used by most of us for many purposes. Precious active principles which can be developed into a variety of medicine systems are stored in medicinal and aromatic plants. Medicinal plants have begun to flower earlier and shift their ranges up because of the climate changing. These shifting phenologies and ranges have the potential to cause great challenges to species’ survival. The climate change has also have been known to affect harvesters’ and cultivators’ abilities to grow or collect medicinal plant species. There is a need for more research into the effects of climate fluctuations on the medicinal plants in general. In particular these effects have not been well-studied and not fully understood. Recent advances in agronomy and plant physiology include a better understanding of the interactions mechanisms between crop genotypes and species, but not on the phenological changes under environmental stresses. This paper comes in an attempt to a better understanding of the medicinal plants population concerns in the climate change context on some physiological stages growth and environment stress factors.

Keywords


climate change, ecology, environment, phenology, stress

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