Influence of Culture Methods on Cauliflower Yield and Economic Efficiency

Alexandru Silviu APAHIDEAN, Grigore ARDELEAN, Alexandru Ioan APAHIDEAN, Aniela Brandusa RUSU

Abstract


Cauliflower is grown for its hypertrophied inflorescences that are used in the preparation of various fresh cooked dishes as well as in pickling or canning industry. The inflorescences are rich in water (90%). The energy value of cauliflower inflorescences is low (118.5 kJ / 100) due to low content of energetic substances. Cauliflower culture is practiced in the field and in protected areas. Climatic conditions are favorable for growing cauliflower in Transylvania. Cultures are mainly started with seedlings leading to additional costs for their production. The experience was carried out in 2011-2012 in the Reghin area, Mures County. Experimental factors were planting date and culture method. Experimental culture was established at different dates (April, May, June) by two methods (by planting seedlings and direct seeding). The aim of the experiment was to demonstrate the feasibility of growing cauliflower crops by direct seeding, in Reghin area, and if the obtained results, are comparable to those achieved by seedling cultures. In the experiment it was found that direct sowing method can be best practiced if the culture is established in June.


Keywords


direct sowing; inflorescences; planting date; planting seedlings

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-hort:10302




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