Response of Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium) to Fresh and Exhausted Mushroom Compost Substrates in Greenhouse Conditions

NURAY CICEK ATIKMEN, CIHAT KUTUK, GULAY KARAHAN

Abstract


Chrysanthemum is one of the most popular perennial ornamental plants in Turkey. In this greenhouse study, fresh (unweathered) and exhausted (weathered 2 years) mushroom compost have been used as organic substrates for cultivation of Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium ‘Vista’). In this context, 13 different mixtures composed of mushroom compost; fresh or exhausted, peat (organic soil) and perlite were tested. Each mixture was tested five replicates in completely randomized designed and the effects of mentioned 13 mixtures on nutrients determined in the end of the trial were compared. All mixtures were tested for some physical and chemical characteristics (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, iron, zinc, manganese and copper). Overall results indicated that 12.5 % fresh mushroom compost and 25 % exhausted mushroom compost were the best ratios for cultivation of chrysanthemum.


Keywords


Crysanthemum; growth parameters; growth substrates; fresh mushroom compost; exhausted mushroom compost

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-hort:10353




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