The current state of characterization of Romanian Vitis vinifera L. Germplasm by Molecular Markers



In recent years, the concerns of some research teams have focused in development an international strategy for the germplasm collections characterization of important horticultural species, as response to the European Union initiative for inventory and conservation of genetic resources. In this context, the European Union has developed international research projects having as main aim collecting the data and improving knowledge regarding conservation and sustainable use of Vitis genetic resources in Europe. Romania has a multimillenary tradition in grapevine cultivation and wine production. Considering this, it is necessary to use efficient and reliable methods for the accurate identification of autochthonous and newly created grapevine cultivars included in national germplasm collections. The intensive renewals of grapevine plantations, implementation of EU regulations and reshaping of the national viticulture and wine industries, that take place at present in Romania, require application of modern methods for the accurate identification of valuable cultivars. In this paper, the advantages of using DNA markers in identification and characterisation of grape varieties included in Romanian germplasm collections were discussed. The aim of this review was to highlight the importance of molecular markers usage in the studies related the genetic diversity characterisation of this important species.


Vitis; DNA; markers; ampelography; genetic resources

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