Effect of N and P Fertilization on Weed Flora of Maize (Zea Mays L.) Crop

Nikolina CHEIMONA, Charis Konstantina KONTOPOULOU, Anastasia PAPANDREOU, Ioanna TABAXI, Ilias TRAVLOS, Ioanna KAKABOUKI, Dimitrios BILALIS

Abstract


From May to September 2016, a corn hybrid was sown in a field in central Greece. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with six replications and five fertilization treatments, namely NutriSphere-N Nitrogen Fertilizer (75%), NutriSphere-N Nitrogen Fertilizer (100%), AVAIL Phosphorus Fertilizer (75%), AVAIL Phosphorus Fertilizer (100%) and unfertilized (control). Data analysis confirmed that the different type of fertilization has a significant effect on the composition of weed flora. In particular, the results of the present study indicated significant differences between the fertilization treatments concerning density and diversity of weeds. Furthermore, weed diversity in the control treatment was highest, while it was lower in plots receiving application of N and P. However, total weed dry mass was lower in plots receiving no fertilizer and P fertilization, and highest in plots receiving N. Differences in terms of weed growth between the two types of fertilization could be attributed to differences revealed in the composition of the weed flora. 


Keywords


diversity indices, fertilization, maize, weed flora.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-hort:12635


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