Influence Of Soil Type On Yield And Quality Of Different Apple Cultivars

Alina Viorica ILIE, Cristina PETRISOR, Dorel HOZA, Viorel OLTENESCU

Abstract


The objective of this study was to determine influence of different soil type on apple yield and quality. To investigate the variation in fruit quality, apples were harvested at commercial maturity on two different soil type. The investigations was conducted in experimental apple orchards located in Focsani region on two different soil type: luvic  brown typical and  luvic brown pseudogleizate. Fruits of Jonathan and Golden Delicios cultivars were tested for color, soluble solids content, total acidity, ascorbic acid, anthocyanins content and chlorophyls content with specific analytrical methods. At harvest yield, dry matter, soluble solids content, ascorbic acid and acidity were affected by soil type. In this study, no significant soil effect was found on color, anthocyanins and chlorophyll fruit content. The results obtained in this study suggest that luvic brown pseudogleizate soil leading to increased yields and enhanced fruit quality.


Keywords


brown luvic soil, apple cultivars, pigments, soluble solids

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-hort:12638


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