The Role of Windbreaks in Attracting the Useful Avifauna – Case Study: Moara Domnească Didactic Farm

Cosmin Alexandru MIHAI, Florin STĂNICĂ

Abstract


“Moara Domnească” is a didactic farm belonging to the University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest. Moara Domnească has an area of 520 ha, of which 65 ha of orchard. The orchard, but also a major part of the farm has a wind protection system consisting of windbreaks planted in 1920’s with English Oak (Quercus robur), Ash (Fraxinus excelsior), Norway Maple (Acer platanoides), and other species of shrubs from the spontaneous flora. Since 1860, Romania has become one of the first countries in the world to have developed forest windbreaks and shelterbelt. Both the establishment of windbreaks and scientific research have been specifically designed to limit the negative effects of the extreme continental climate. Even the windbreaks benefits are multiple and clear, their extension was limited in many areas where are extremely needed. Based on the ornithological observations carried out between 2015-2016, we found out that the forest windbreak plays an extremely important role on the orchard ecosystem, influencing positively the life of wild birds that find food, shelter and nesting places throughout the year.

Keywords


birds, wind shelters, orchard

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasmvcn-hort:003117


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