Viticulture Zoning in Montenegro

Svetozar SAVIĆ, Miško VUKOTIĆ


Montenegro’s viticultural regions and sub-regions were defined in the 2007 Law on Wine, based on the country’s empirical, traditional, historical and social heritage. However, during the process of defining these regions and sub-regions, the influence of climatic and soil factors crucial in the determination of dependent characteristics, such as the physiology of the grapevine and the quality of the grapes and wine, was not researched thoroughly enough. This work presents the climatic characteristics of the existing sub-regions, as well as the results of the climate’s impact on the physiological reactions of the most common domestic grape cv. Vranac (Vitis vinifera L.), facilitating a new viticultural zoning in Montenegro. Over a period of 56 years, the following climatic parameters were analysed: air temperature, precipitation, insolation and air humidity. These parameters suggest that all the sub-regions in Montenegro have uniform climatic parameters. The modification of certain climatic parameters is influenced by two large bodies of water – the Adriatic Sea and Lake Skadar – and by altitude. The duration of the individual phases and vegetation of the Vranac grape variety differed only slightly in the different sub-regions. As a reflection of the influence of climatic factors in different locations, Vranac grape and wine was analysed chemically and given a sensory evaluation. The analysed parameters indicate a nearly uniform chemical composition and sensory evaluation of all wines. Wines produced at lower altitudes were distinctive for their superior quality.

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