Behavior of Some Eggplant Cultivars to Fusarium and Verticillium Wilts in the Greenhouses



Eggplant is one of the most cultivated species in the Romanian greenhouses, after tomatoes, bell pepper and cucumbers crops. In the greenhouses the soil temperature is favorable for appearance and development of soil borne pathogens Verticillium dahliae (20 - 24°C) and Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melongenae (24 - 28°C). Ten foreign and local cultivars of eggplants (Morsica F1, Daniela, Surangy F1, Belona, Andra F1, Estelle F1, Sharapova F1, Madrid F1, Luiza and Aragon F1) were studied. A part of them presented high yield (Aragon F1, Surangy F1, Daniela) and tolerance to Verticillium wilt and Fusarium wilt (Daniela and Belona). The most susceptible to Verticillium dahliae are Madrid, Sharapova F1, Estelle F1 and Aragon F1. The romanian cultivars Daniela and Belona are less sensible to Verticillium dahliae. Most cultivars are resistant to Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. melongenae: Morsica F1, Daniela F1, Surangy F1, Belona, Andra F1, Estelle F1 and Madrid F1.


eggplants; greenhouse; soil borne pathogens; plastic tunnels

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