Grafting Bell Peppers an Alternative for Growers

Marian BOGOESCU, Madalina DOLTU, Dorin SORA, Bogdan IORDACHE

Abstract


Crop rotation is rarely practiced in greenhouse production, which allows soil borne pathogens and pests to accumulate, progressively reducing crop yields and fruit quality. Grafting cultivars with high quality and productivity on rootstocks that are resistant to the soil pests and diseases is a method known from years ago, which was improved and quickly spread in the last years. The aim of this research was to evaluate the performance of the grafted peppers on some rootstocks, in greenhouse conditions. Marketable yield, fruit quality and nutritional qualities (total soluble solid contents, titratable acidity, soluble carbohydrates, Vitamin C content) have been determined. The marketable yield and fruit number were positively influenced by rootstock as compared with ungrafted peppers. The obtained results showed that grafting has improved the commercial quality of pepper fruits. There were no significant differences in the nutritional qualities of pepper fruits obtained from the grafted or ungrafted plants.

Keywords


quality; pepper yield; nutritional qualities; scion; ungrafted

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-hort:2018.0026


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