Sensitivity of Seed Germination to Temperature and Light in Helichrysum amorginum

Sofia ARGYRIOU, Panayiota PAPASTYLIANOU, George STAVROPOULOS, Angeliki KOUSTA, Ioanna KAKABOUKI, Panagiotis KANATAS

Abstract


Helichrysum amorginum is a perennial shrub, endemic on the Greek island of Amorgos and used for medicinal, cosmetic and ornamental purposes. Information concerning germination behavior and seedling survival is considered essential for the establishment and cultivation of wild species. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of temperature and light on germination of Helichrysum amorginum seeds. A set of experiments was conducted under completely randomized design with four replications of 200 seeds at three different suboptimal germination temperatures (15, 20 and 25°C) in light and dark conditions for 10 days. Seed material was collected from two different fields of the island (Aegiali and Katapola). The germination performance was evaluated by final germination percentage and mean germination time. The effect of temperature on seed germination percentage and mean germination time was significant in all cases. The presence of light enhanced germination, especially at the optimum temperature of 20°C. In most cases the mean germination time increased at the lower temperature of 15°C. Seeds from Aegiali exhibited higher germination ability than the seed lot from Katapola. Knowledge of seed germination behaviour is of major importance in order to establish effective protocols for seed propagation in Helichrysum amorginum.

Keywords


germination percentage; germination time; Helichrysum amorginum; light; temperature.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-hort:2020.0007




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