Expressiness of the Main Characters of a New Genotype of White Kidney Bean

Ion GHERASE, Elena BARCANU, Costel VÎNĂTORU, Ovidia AGAPIE-DOBRE, Bianca TĂNASE, Geanina NEGOȘANU

Abstract


Currently, in Romania there are just a few autochthonous white kidney bean varieties and this is the main reason why Vegetable Research Development Station (VRDS) Buzau has chosen a breeding program for this species. The aim of this study was to assess the main quantitative characteristic of a new cultivar of kidney beans, ‘Doina’. The correlation matrix showed a strong relationship between plant height and bush diameter and also with leaf length and a negative correlation between plant height and pods mass per plant. The cultivar has a yield potential of over 3000 kg/ha and a compact maturation of the pods, being suitable for mechanized harvesting. An important feature is plant hardiness, due to local genetic resources used in the breeding program. During the research it was found that the variety has a distinct phenotypic expressiveness with a high yield and quality potential.

Keywords


breeding; crop technology; ‘Doina’ cultivar; Phaseolus vulgaris; phenotype.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-hort:2020.0042




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