Dietary Recommendations Adapted to Performance Athletes

Aniela Brindusa RUSU


Principles of healthy nutrition are found in dietary recommendations for athletes. However, in their case are required specific caloric and nutritional adaptations according to several criteria which concerns: the type of sport, the age, the stage, the lenght and the manner of performance for the physical effort. Athletes diet must meet the following conditions, in order to cover (Zamora, 2009):
- the energy expenditure of basal metabolism (basal metabolic rate-BMR)
- the additional energy demand for daily life
- the energy requirements imposed by the consumption during the training and competitions as well as the intake of the recovery exercises
- the unpredictable energy costs (especially the environmental conditions, diseases and stress)
- and to protect the athletes from possible but preventable diseases.

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