The Role and Place of the Organic Agriculture in the Economical Supporting of the Romanian Rural

Aurel LUP, Constantin CHIRILÄ‚, Liliana MIRON

Abstract


In Romania there is a historical contradiction between the organic potential represented bythe extent of the territorial resource - over 0.5 ha/inhabitant and the agriculture’s performances, someof Europe’s lowest crops at the surface unit or productions per animal. The phenomenon is due tomore causes among which: a low technological level, a poor technical endowment accompanied by anexaggerated degree of properties fragmentation, materialized in several million of exploitations ofsmall extents incapable of maintaining the needs of a family from an economical point of view. Theauthors are presenting the technical and economical data by which they prove that the organicagricultural system is profitable and can be applied on a large part of the country’s agricultural area,especially in the hilly and sub-mountains areas where the small-sized subsistence exploitations areprevalent. For this purpose are presented some technical and economical results obtained from anorganic farm - STEPA - from Romania’s south-eastern area. Cultivating food grains, fodder andmedical plants, the farm has obtained in 2008 a profit of 660 lei/ha and a profit rate of 58.3%. As anaverage of the last years, the farm has obtained a profit between 1318 lei/ha at wheat and 141 lei/ha atsunflower, the average per farm being of 538 lei/ha with a profit rate of 46.7%, above the averageobtained in the conventional technological system. The authors are recommending the development ofthe organic agriculture on at least 30% from the natural meadows, 5% from the arable area and familygardens.

Keywords


exploitations, profit, hilly areas

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-hort:8594




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