Structural Modernisation of Economy and Occupation of the Labour Force in Romania

Ramona PIRVU, Carmen BORUGA


Structure of the occupied population has sensibly changed over the last decades, and theprocess is far from being over; some of the structural displacements are inscribed on the normal courseof evolution to occupational structures specific to developed economies, while others are confusingand atypical. But all of them occurred because of the economic downfall. The negative rate of increaseof the Romanian population which started in the years ’90, has already decreased population by 10%.To this it is added the labour force migration, estimated between one and two million people of thelabour force population, among which most of them are short-term. Most of the immigrants are stillincluded in the labour force statistics as inactive, but they are absent from the labour force fromRomania, which makes attaining of the 2020 Strategy objective more difficult and might be partiallyresponsible for the slow progress of the labour force occupation rate in Romania.


labour force occupation, structure of the occupied population, pensioners, human factor

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