Types of Beekeeping Practiced in the North West Region of Romania - Advantages and Disadvantages

Cristina B. POCOL, Anca A. POPA

Abstract


An essential component of the bee chain analysis in the North West Region is thecomparison of different production practices: stationary beekeeping versus pastoral beekeeping;conventional beekeeping versus organic beekeeping. In the area of scientific research at a nationallevel these issues have not been considered so far. The research methods used for these comparisonswere the survey and the focus group. Following the quantitative and qualitative data analysis, theadvantages and disadvantages of the above mentioned beekeeping practices were identified: stationarybeekeeping generates products designed primarily for use in the household or within the close networkof friends, does not require significant resources, but the productivity of the hives is lower. Bypracticing pastoral beekeeping instead, a higher productivity is obtained, but the expenses for thetravel are high and the risks associated to moving the hives are significant. In terms of the comparisonbetween the economic efficiency of conventional versus organic beekeeping, although 82% of therespondents agree at the declaratory level with the principles of organic beekeeping, this type ofbeekeeping it is not yet sufficiently attractive for several reasons: bureaucracy, the difficulty of sellingthe products within the country, very expensive periodic inspections, higher costs and greater risks.The practical implications of the present research are meant to provide solutions to beekeepers fromthe North West Region and not only, in order for them to choose the most efficient productiontechniques, consistent with the three components of sustainable development: the economic, social andenvironmental component.

Keywords


beekeeping, stationary, pastoral, conventional, organic

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-hort:8607




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