RENOVATION OF FRUIT GROWING IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA IN BASE OF SCIENTIFIC RESULTANTS

Valerian BALAN, V. BABUC, Mihail BARBAROS, V. BUCARCIUC, Gh. CIMPOIES, I. CARAMAN, I. DONICA, I. COMANICI, M. RAPCEA, I. TURCAN

Abstract


At the current stage, one of the priorities in the Moldovan pomiculture, aimed at contributing considerably to the growth in the national income and counterbalancing the international balance of payment through the increase of exports, is the extension and modernization of cultivation of walnut, as the production thereof at the global scale, and particularly at the European level is deficient; it enjoys an ever growing demand and is being paid well.
Currently, the favorable prospects concerning the intensification of production in our country offer a technology of cultivation of this species based on the variety, recently developed by the country's scientists. The technology provides for the use of some competitive domestic varieties with a high productivity and walnuts of the highest quality for reproduction.
The paper suggests for homologation and authorization 17 varieties scab-immune apples, which just like the previously authorized Prima variety, are not sprayed against this disease. The competitors have studied 138 new varieties and hybrids of pear, of both foreign and domestic selection. As for the cultivation of sweet cherry, the papers reflect the outcomes of researching the biological, genotypic and phenotypic peculiarities of 250 varieties and best specimens of sweet cherry from 8 ecological-geographical groups of origin.

Keywords


species; nursery; fruit growing; variety; productivity; plantation; harvest

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-hort:866




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