CONTEXTS OF OPTIMUM IN ECONOMICAL DEVELOPMENT AND FARMING MANAGEMENT. THE INFLUENCE OF TECHNICAL PROGRESS. MATHEMATICAL MODELING

Mihaela HANDREA, I. VESA, M. HANDREA

Abstract


Naturally, any intervention of the subjective factor – human, on economy,
and its mechanism of function, subscribes to achievement of economical optimum. The
problem of economical optimum was firstly enounced by Vilfredo Pareto [Pareto V. –
Manuel d’économie politique, Paris, Giard et Briere, 1909], considered ”the father of the
economical optimum”. The importance of the theory of the economical optimum determined
all economists, researchers in the field to approach in their works the problem of optimum –
economical efficiency. Their spectrum is numerous. We enumerate only the most
representatives: A. Weber, L.V. Kantarovici, V.S. Nemcicov, N.P. Federenco, S.L.
Rosenfeld, O. Lange, M. Horovitz, and among Romanians: I. Blaga, E. Dobrescu, G. Manea, N.N.
Constantinescu, C. Sandu, C. Popescu, L. Popescu. Any optimization of the economical phenomenon aims
to fundamental relation of efficiency – maximization of the effects (results) to a volume of
used resources (production factors, also named decisional factors), or minimization of the
effort (expenses) by unit of use value. Therefore, optimization is a problem of maximum or
minimum. The achievement of the optimum at macro economical level needs the organic
integration of the components (branches, under branches, economical unities, complexes,
companies, different activities, etc.) within their total and partial optimal function. The
partial optimum contributing to obtain macro optimum is involved. Besides branch optimum
under branch optimum, etc. the regional economical optimum is a partial optimum compared
to macro optimum. Any economical optimum must introduce a basic request – balance stage.
The achievement of economical balance needs <>. Within above mentioned terms, the problem of economical balance is
tightly correlated to optimum, at all macro mezzo and micro economical levels, and also in
territorial profile. In some authors’ opinion, some elements (resources – production factors)
are necessary in order to achieve the economical optimum (macro optimum or partial
optimum).
work force;
founds (capital) obtained for economy;
other resources, including natural resources;
maximal work productivity, a maximal yield of fix founds, an appropriate evaluation
of natural resources.
According to Blaga [1] adopted in [6] and [7] corespondent to a number of work
places (within socialist economy meaning of work places), fix founds
and natural resources must be obtained. Concerning the first three already presented
resources, describing the socialist economy, the mentioned author enounce the following
assertion: < or >. As consequence, the author
analyzes two different aspects:
o the maximal valuation of human factor (human work) within both economical and social activity;
o the maximal use of production means.
The above author’s theory does not function within capitalist economy, and neither within a
micro economy–company economy.

Keywords


technical progress; scale parameter; statical and dynamical model; macrotype; resilience coefficients; Cobb-Douglas equation

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-hort:916




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