The Effect of Cultivation Ways on Selected Morphological Characters of Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia L.) Transplants and Plants, Fruit Yield and Chemical Content

Arkadiusz FOHS, Zbigniew KREJPCIO, Ewelina KRá“L, Rong XIONG, Roman HOLUBOWICZ

Abstract


Bitter gourd or bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.) is an unknown in Poland vegetable of theChinese origin commonly used in Eastern Asia to feed and cure diabetic people. In the years 2012-2013,the investigations were carried out on preparing its transplants and growing it in Poland using twoways of cultivation: with the supporting sticks or lying directly on the ground. The received transplantsand then plants were analyzed for their selected morphological characters. The collected fruits wereanalyzed for their ash, dry weight, total protein, fats and carbohydrates, Ca, Mg, K, Na, Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu contents. The best transplants were those of 3 leaves, 7 cm high with the biggest leaf’s width over 5cm. The growing the species with the sticks lowered their total fruit yield but increased the weight of anindividual fruit. When planting the transplants before June 1st, germinating seeds were produced. Whenplanting after that time, fruit were set but seeds were not ripened. The fruits from plants grown with thesticks had lower dry matter and Mn contents than the ones lying on the ground. The way of cultivationof the plants had no effect on all other analyzed chemical elements and characters.


Keywords


cucurbit crops; field vegetables; bitter gourd transplants; bitter melon

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-hort:9216




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