Research Results on Conservative Tillage Systems in the last 50 Years at USAMV Cluj-Napoca

Teodor Rusu, Ileana Bogdan, Paula Ioana Moraru, Adrian Ioan Pop, Bogdan Matei Duda, Camelia Coste

Abstract


The paper aimed to present the effects of the three tillage systems: conventional systems, minimum tillage and no-tillage on soil properties and on the production of the main crops obtained in the last 50 years at the University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Cluj-Napoca. The research aimed at developing optimal variants of tillage and the potentiation of the relationship high productivity - conservation. The results confirm that conservative tillage systems (minimum tillage and no-tillage) are constituted in an alternative solution for the future. Agricultural technologies researched modify physical, chemical and biological properties of soil, depending on the intensity of the system. The influence of variants of conservative tillage systems on the physical, chemical and biological properties have been analyzed, settling their advantages and disadvantages on soil types representative in Transylvania. In this hilly area, soil tillage systems are determined by the slope, soil characteristics, degree of erosion and cultivated plants

Keywords


minimum tillage, no-tillage, soil conservation, crop production

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