Favourable Conditions for Establishing a Culture of Vaccinium Corymbosum (Blueberry) in Maramureş County, Romania

Lavinia Moldovan, Marilena Mărghitaș, Andra Poruțiu

Abstract


For crop success in agricultural practice, consideration should be given to the location of crops and also to plants
preferences for optimal pH limits, a criterion for the classification of plants for their adaptability to the environment.
Blueberry crops - Vaccinium corymbosum fruit shrubs are successfully cultivated in Romania. High Vaccinium
corymbosum shrub, native from North America is related with blueberry bush that is exists in the spontaneous flora from
Romania. It prefers acidic, wet and rich in organic matter soils and it has been successfully cultivated in Romania for over
50 years. A blueberry plant at full maturity can produce up to 8 kg of fruit depending on the variety, culture substrate,
maintenance, cuttings, irrigation water, weather conditions, phytosanitary and fertilization efficiency. This means that on
an average of 3,500 bushes per hectare you can get productions of over 25 tons of fresh fruit in the 8-10th year from
planting, if blueberry shrubs development is optimal. On a global level, the blueberry consumption has tripled over the
past 5 years, and statistics show that this trend, which has been in place for more than 20 years, will continue as more and
more people discover the benefits of blueberry consumption.


Keywords


agrochemical indicators, organic matter, Vaccinium corymbosum.

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