Features of the National Integrated Management Strategy for Hazardous Waste

Cristian Iederan, Ioan Oroian, Antonia Odagiu, Ioan Brașovean, Petru Burduhos, Cristian Mălinaș, Ovidiu Daniel Ștefan

Abstract


The modern production processes and the increased needs of industrial companies have undoubtedly led to a considerable demand for the environment. Population growth and intensification of industrialization, with a concurrent increase in industrial production, lead to increasing quantities of residues. Only one-third of industrial products are useful, with the remaining two-thirds being residues that can harm the environment. Strict emissions and evacuation or storage regulations are needed, combined with incentive methods such as: developing research and demonstration grants, training and education activities and programs, gathering and transferring information. The task of the industry is to take an active attitude. Experience has shown that due to increased productivity and cost savings, investments in poor or unpolluted technologies are recovered in 2-3 years or less. The unpleasant consequences of mismanagement of waste on the environment affect water, air and soil equally. Thus, landfills discharged into inappropriate places spread bad smells, spoil the landscape, infect the air with bad smells or smoke, create outbreaks for various parasites (mice and insects) and pollute in some situations surface and underground waters.


Keywords


waste, integrated management, hazardous waste.

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