The Main Characteristics of Forest Soils from Brașov District

Raluca Elena Enescu, Lucian Dincă, Iulian Alexandru Bratu


The present article has monitored the main properties of forest soils from Brașov County, covering a period from 1980 until present times. All the analyses were centralized in analysis bulletins and are part of a national data base realized by INCDS „Marin Drăcea” based on forest management plans. Per total, 404 soil profiles and 1083 pedo-genetic horizons were analyzed. The most widespread forest soils in Brașov County are the ones from Cambisol class, holding 70% of total soils, the highest share being obtained by eutric cambisoils. The average pH values are situated in the interval 4-5 in both horizons for dystric cambisol and within 5-6 interval for eutric cambisol. The soils with the highest content of humus, from the ten identified ones, are soils from the Spodisol class -crypto podzol and entic podzol. On the other hand, the haplic podzol, a soil from the same class, registers the smallest value of total cationic exchange capacity. The highest value of this index was obtained for rendzic leptosol, a soil with an alkaline reaction which is not very acid like in the case of haplic podzol.


soil properties, forest soil, Brasov County, Cambisols.

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