Agrotechnic, Economic and Environmental Advantages of the Soybean Crop

Vasilena Suciu, Teodor Rusu, Raluca Rezi, Camelia Urdă

Abstract


Conventional soybean crop has become more and more interesting to farmers because of the many benefits this
miraculous plant possesses, known in China as a plant with 1000 uses. Being included in crop rotation generates positive
effects on the soil, leading to lower needs for mineral or organic nitrogen fertilizer which contribute to 25% of the total
direct greenhouse gas emissions to the EU agricultural sector. Soybean is a good precursor to most cultivated plants,
bringing an up to 10% increase in yield to corn and wheat crops. Furthermore, the biological fixation of atmospheric
nitrogen has the great advantage of being a natural and non-polluting process. Therefore, soybeans integrate the provisions
for a clean and non-polluting environment seeing as they are environmentally friendly. Soybean in crop rotation generates
a number of positive effects on soil conditions, for example, it enhances soil fertility and improves household nutrition.
At the same time, it brings added value both in terms of yield itself and also increases income for small scale farmers.

Keywords


soybean, soil fertility, biological fixation, yield, environmentally friendly.

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