The Effect of Alfalfa Cultivation on the Solid Fertility and Crop Production Obtained in the Transylvanian Plain

Marilena Mărghitaş, Andra Poruţiu, Lavinia Moldovan, Constantin Toader, Constantin Bordea

Abstract


The paper highlights the beneficial effect of alfalfa crops on enhancing the natural fertility of cambic chernozem
in the Transylvanian Low Plain on the production of alfalfa for fodder (green mass and hay), both in quantitative and
qualitative terms, in an area with qualitatively superior soils in terms of fertility and favorability for most agricultural and
horticultural crops. From the nutritional point of view, the fodder alfalfa is considered a plant with high claims to nutrients,
being a perennial species exploiting the soil for many years, 7-10 years or even more. It forms an abundant vegetative
mass and a high amount of feed to the surface unit. It is a highly consuming species of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium,
magnesium and calcium but also of microelements and requires careful and complex maintenance technology to achieve
quantitative and qualitatively superior feed yields over the years of exploitation. In this context, the paper aims to treat
the area of Soporul de Câmpie, located in Cluj County, in the Transylvanian Plain, an area that nature has endowed with
invaluable gifts, which are suitable for a sustainable and profitable conservative agriculture.

Keywords


soil, fertility, productivity, alfalfa.

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