General Considerations Concerning Tomato Culture in Romania

Roxana Alexandra Sabo, Antonia Odagiu, Dan Vârban, Claudia Balint, Ioan Brașovean, Bianca Moldovan

Abstract


Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. belongs to the genus Lycopersicon, and it is genetically close to the following plants: tobacco, peppers, potatoes, eggplant. Spontaneous forms of tomatoes come from South America, Peru, Bolivia, from the highlands, where the fruits have been used for food since ancient times. The classification of cultivars is made according to the place of cultivation (field, greenhouses, solarium), the destination of the product (current consumption, industrialization, mixed use), the nature of growth and the duration of the period until fruiting. Many countries and organizations in the European Union consider the consumption of vegetables/capita/year as a rigorous index of the classification of some countries in the sphere of those developed or in the process of social and economic development.


Keywords


hybrid, Lycopersicon esculentum Mill., tomato, vegetables

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