Research Concerning the Study of Germination in Arnica Montana L. Specie

Dan Vârban, Florin Păcurar, Rodica Vârban, Antonia Odagiu

Abstract


The name of the plant called arnica derives from the Greek word ptarmica (la Discorides), which is derived from
the verb ptario = to sneeze, because the roots and the stems of the plant produce sneeze. As vegetal product flowers from mountain arnica are used (Arnicae flos). In mountain arnica there are found: flavonoids, di- and triterpenes, helenalin, dihydrohelenalin. The pharmaceutical preparates based on mountan arnica flowers have action: antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, bacteriostatic, fungicide, choleretic, cholagog, anti-sclerotic. In Arnica Montana L. seeds from Germany and from GheŃari, the germinative faculty records the biggest values one year and four months after harvesting, and after two years and four months there is a sharp decrease of values. Among four variants of soil mixtures taken into study, the best were variant V
3
(50% terra rosa, 25% peat, 25% sand) and variant V
(germinative pills) on which the best Arnica Montana L. rising. According to our research, the following results were obtained: for the sample harvested from Poiana Horii area, a content of 0.039 g% flavonoids was recorded and for those harvested from Scărişoara cave a content of 0.4949 g% flavonoids.

Keywords


germinative faculty, mixtures, active principles

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