Plant Resources Use in the Province of Taza (North of Morocco)

Abdelmajid KHABBACH, Mohamed LIBIAD, Abdeslam ENNABILI*

Abstract


This work concerns researches on flora uses in the Pre-Rif of Taza (North of Morocco). An inquiry conducted among the local population and field surveys have raised real direct values of plant resources (food, traditional medicine, etc.), and plead for the conservation of the local flora. The local plant diversity has been estimated at 140 species, corresponding to 55 botanical families, and represents 3.11% of the national specific richness. Fabaceae, Lamiaceae, Rosaceae, Poaceae and Asteraceae are the most used, and constitute 43.6% of the inventoried species. Aerial part, fruits, leaves and inflorescences are the most exploited with respective rates of 24%, 22%, 20% and 15%. A high diversification of the social behaviors related to traditional medicine has also been underlined. Species with therapeutic virtues represent 51.4% of the specific inventory, and of which 20.7% interest herbalism activity in the region. Origanum compactum Benth. and Rosmarinus officinalis L. are the more used. The melliferous flora, generating a profit for the local population, corresponds to 19.3% of the identified species.

Keywords


Northern Morocco, flora, socio-economy

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