The Influence of Tillage System on Production and Quality of Soybean Yield at Agricultural Research - Development Station Turda

Felicia CHEÅ¢AN, Valeria DEAC, Alina ȘIMON, Cornel CHEÅ¢AN

Abstract


Between classical or conventional farming system (with plowing, seedbed processing, sowing) and conservative farming system (no tillage), the soil is minimal intervention, there are plenty of tillage methods, specific to certain conditions work, equipment machinery or tradition. Experiment designed and conducted to ARDS Turda, includes two ways to work the soil, a classic or conventional (with plowing, land preparation and planting) along with a minimum work ("minimum tillage") in a rotation of three years, the wheat-soybean-maize experimental variants include technological measures that contribute to plant vegetation control in the experiment, namely: fertilization and treatments. ONIX was cultivated soybean variety (created in ARDS Turda), which although not a very new variety, has a good reputation in terms of production. On the other hand it is necessary to show that applying a pure soy conservative system led to some very poor results, both soybeans and corn, and even winter rape, need more or less loose soil. In the experiment conducted at ARDS Turda conditions, soybean yields obtained in the five years undoubtedly depend experimental farm in a year by up to 70%, other factors and the percentage remained divided. Production increase because of exceptional 2010 made ​​up to 35%. We can say that soybean genotypes have a good behavior even in the harshest climate conditions of experimental years. ONIX variety performed very well both in the classical and at the lower works, productions made ​​of over 2500 kg/ha. Harvest quality is closely linked to external inputs and values ​​of oil, protein and fibers are similar values ​​in the two tillage systems.

The Influence of Tillage System on Production and Quality of Soybean Yield at Agricultural Research -

Development Station Turda


Keywords


conventional farming system, conservative farming system, no tillage, minimum tillage.

Full Text:

PDF